Why Punishing People for Burning the Flag Is Less American Than Burning the Flag - Culture | MERRY JANE
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Why Punishing People for Burning the Flag Is Less American Than Burning the Flag

A GIFs guide for a president-elect who doesn’t know his Constitutional law.

by Claire Downs

Why, hello there, traveller! I hope you’ve successfully made it through another week of post-election turmoil! Last week, I gave you lots of GIFs of people flipping, to illustrate Mr. Trump’s incessant flip-flopping since the election. This week, I was stunned out of my eternal trance to read the President-Elect’s tweet regarding flag burning.

This surprised me, considering that flag burning and all types of flag desecration are protected by the First Amendment of the Constitution. Which leads me to wonder: Is he becoming a dictator? And also, what have been the most important moments in patriotic destruction in America’s history?

 

The American flag design was confirmed by the Continental Congress in 1777.

space america flag freedom astronaut

But, due to a splintering of designs, arguments on how many stars should be presented, and what exactly should go in the tiny blue square next to the stripes, it was not widely flown or displayed for over 80 years.

america flag waiting loading american flag

It was only after the outbreak of the Civil War that the American flag got some much needed Northern love.

eagles

When the Civil War ended, the flag love continued, and the flag was most commonly shown in the form of some hot merch. American flag clothes, accessories, homewares, and SWAG adorned stores. Naturally, Americans were like, ”YASS GAWD!” and handed over all of their coins!

reaction rupauls drag race dr bam alexis mateo

Then, a bunch of cranky veterans and unions called the Sons of the American Revolution got together around 1890 and were like, “This is commercial exploitation!” They also yelled, “The flag is sacred!” This was a new idea and people were like, “Huh. I hadn’t thought about that.”

idk unsure thinking steve martin psychic

So, between 1897 and 1932, these groups lobbied successfully to pass laws in all 48 states preventing various forms of alleged desecration. It also helped that many immigrants, political radicals, and trade unions were already using the flag to make statements as part of their protests at the time.

rihanna flag american flag

It behooved lawmakers to shut down these kinds of anti-establishment protests and also pass flag desecration laws.

movies fireworks murica american flag danny mcbride

These laws generally outlawed 1) placing marks or attaching anything to the flag, 2) using the flag for advertising purposes, and 3) harming the flag physically or verbally in any way. A “flag” was also defined as any item of any shape or size that resembled the American flag.

guitar

In 1907, the case of Halter v. Nebraska hit the Supreme Court. Two men who sold “Stars and Stripes Beer,” which bore the flag, were found guilty of “cheapening” the flag.

Playboy sexy beer sex america

This historic case did not address free speech, but declared that using the flag in commercial advertising would weaken both respect for the Union and the sanctity of the flag.

trump donald trump american flag republic

In 1931, the Supreme Court considered a cases which involved more abstract desecration of the flag: Stromberg v. California. This case involved a summer camp counselor named Yetta Stromberg, who, at age 19, directed her campers to raise a red flag.

Steve Harvey TV steve harvey red flag kym whitley

This act was to pledge allegiance to communist ideas, and express sympathy for her campers who came from working-class families.

South Park police randy marsh anger wrathful

Stromberg won the case, with her lawyers citing that the Communist party was a legit political party in the U.S. at the time, and trying her was a violation of the First and Fourteenth Amendments. Shoulda been a red flag to the Supreme Court that this was even a case, but I digress.

After hearing news reports of an attempted murder of Civil Rights activist James Meredith, a man named Sidney Street burned an American flag in New York. Upon questioning by the police, he said, “Yes, that is my flag. I burned it. If they let that happen to Meredith, we don’t need an American flag.” This case was taken all the way to the Supreme Court in 1969.

Street won this case, and the Supreme Court struck down a New York Law that prohibited verbal speech against the flag. Flag burning and physical desecration was not discussed.

fireworks

In the ’70s, two very groovy Supreme Court cases once again shot down prosecution for flag desecration. In 1974, a Massachusetts teenager was arrested and sentenced to six months in jail for wearing an American flag on the seat of his pants.

With the help of the ACLU, he was able to take it to the Supreme Court, which ruled that a “favorable attitude toward the flag” is not a requirement of a U.S. citizen.

america flag american flag grumpy cat

Also in 1974, a college student from Seattle hung an American flag with peace symbols attached to both sides upside down from his apartment in a protest of the Vietnam War and Kent State shootings.

deal with it upside down

He was arrested and charged for desecration of the flag. The Supreme Court overturned his conviction on the basis that the flag was private property and it was a peaceful form of communication.

Julie Winegard animation illustration hands peace

Finally, in 1989, Texas v. Johnson addressed the flag burning issue head-on. When Gregory Lee Johnson burned a flag in protest in Dallas, he was arrested, fined, and sentenced to a year in prison. The Supreme Court came down against this sentence and upheld that prohibiting flag burning is unconstitutional.

Uproar ensued. Virtually every member of Congress endorsed resolutions condemning the ruling. President George H.W. Bush and many Republicans maintained that an amendment would be needed to negate the court’s decision.

The Simpsons season 6 episode 12 moe szyslak 6x12

Thus, the Flag Protection Act (FPA) of 1989 was created. It provided that anybody who desecrates the flag (or tramples on it) would be fined $1,000 and up to one year in jail.

Tech Noir movies film cinemagraph wes anderson

As a result, flags were burned at record rates in many cities during protests.

And that’s how we landed at U.S. v Eichman in 1990. The FPA was struck down by the Supreme Court in 1990, and the court deemed that to suppress free expression and pass laws banning flag burning is an “infringement of First Amendment rights.”

So no, Mr. Trump, you can’t penalize or revoke citizenship for flag burning. The SCOTUS has told us this about a dozen times, a dozen different ways. Keep up.

america flag ron swanson murica

The flag stands for the very freedom to burn it. Denying people their right to free speech? Now THAT would be a real desecration of the stars and stripes.

usa america moving freedom fourth of july


avatar

Published on

Claire Downs is a writer and comedian based out of Los Angeles. She's written for Nickelodeon, VH1, Funny or Die, and Hello Giggles. You can follow her on Twitter @clairecdowns. She prefers Indica to Sativa, in case you're wondering.



Comments

avatar


article image

Why Punishing People for Burning the Flag Is Less American Than Burning the Flag

A GIFs guide for a president-elect who doesn’t know his Constitutional law.

by Claire Downs

Why, hello there, traveller! I hope you’ve successfully made it through another week of post-election turmoil! Last week, I gave you lots of GIFs of people flipping, to illustrate Mr. Trump’s incessant flip-flopping since the election. This week, I was stunned out of my eternal trance to read the President-Elect’s tweet regarding flag burning.

This surprised me, considering that flag burning and all types of flag desecration are protected by the First Amendment of the Constitution. Which leads me to wonder: Is he becoming a dictator? And also, what have been the most important moments in patriotic destruction in America’s history?

 

The American flag design was confirmed by the Continental Congress in 1777.

space america flag freedom astronaut

But, due to a splintering of designs, arguments on how many stars should be presented, and what exactly should go in the tiny blue square next to the stripes, it was not widely flown or displayed for over 80 years.

america flag waiting loading american flag

It was only after the outbreak of the Civil War that the American flag got some much needed Northern love.

eagles

When the Civil War ended, the flag love continued, and the flag was most commonly shown in the form of some hot merch. American flag clothes, accessories, homewares, and SWAG adorned stores. Naturally, Americans were like, ”YASS GAWD!” and handed over all of their coins!

reaction rupauls drag race dr bam alexis mateo

Then, a bunch of cranky veterans and unions called the Sons of the American Revolution got together around 1890 and were like, “This is commercial exploitation!” They also yelled, “The flag is sacred!” This was a new idea and people were like, “Huh. I hadn’t thought about that.”

idk unsure thinking steve martin psychic

So, between 1897 and 1932, these groups lobbied successfully to pass laws in all 48 states preventing various forms of alleged desecration. It also helped that many immigrants, political radicals, and trade unions were already using the flag to make statements as part of their protests at the time.

rihanna flag american flag

It behooved lawmakers to shut down these kinds of anti-establishment protests and also pass flag desecration laws.

movies fireworks murica american flag danny mcbride

These laws generally outlawed 1) placing marks or attaching anything to the flag, 2) using the flag for advertising purposes, and 3) harming the flag physically or verbally in any way. A “flag” was also defined as any item of any shape or size that resembled the American flag.

guitar

In 1907, the case of Halter v. Nebraska hit the Supreme Court. Two men who sold “Stars and Stripes Beer,” which bore the flag, were found guilty of “cheapening” the flag.

Playboy sexy beer sex america

This historic case did not address free speech, but declared that using the flag in commercial advertising would weaken both respect for the Union and the sanctity of the flag.

trump donald trump american flag republic

In 1931, the Supreme Court considered a cases which involved more abstract desecration of the flag: Stromberg v. California. This case involved a summer camp counselor named Yetta Stromberg, who, at age 19, directed her campers to raise a red flag.

Steve Harvey TV steve harvey red flag kym whitley

This act was to pledge allegiance to communist ideas, and express sympathy for her campers who came from working-class families.

South Park police randy marsh anger wrathful

Stromberg won the case, with her lawyers citing that the Communist party was a legit political party in the U.S. at the time, and trying her was a violation of the First and Fourteenth Amendments. Shoulda been a red flag to the Supreme Court that this was even a case, but I digress.

After hearing news reports of an attempted murder of Civil Rights activist James Meredith, a man named Sidney Street burned an American flag in New York. Upon questioning by the police, he said, “Yes, that is my flag. I burned it. If they let that happen to Meredith, we don’t need an American flag.” This case was taken all the way to the Supreme Court in 1969.

Street won this case, and the Supreme Court struck down a New York Law that prohibited verbal speech against the flag. Flag burning and physical desecration was not discussed.

fireworks

In the ’70s, two very groovy Supreme Court cases once again shot down prosecution for flag desecration. In 1974, a Massachusetts teenager was arrested and sentenced to six months in jail for wearing an American flag on the seat of his pants.

With the help of the ACLU, he was able to take it to the Supreme Court, which ruled that a “favorable attitude toward the flag” is not a requirement of a U.S. citizen.

america flag american flag grumpy cat

Also in 1974, a college student from Seattle hung an American flag with peace symbols attached to both sides upside down from his apartment in a protest of the Vietnam War and Kent State shootings.

deal with it upside down

He was arrested and charged for desecration of the flag. The Supreme Court overturned his conviction on the basis that the flag was private property and it was a peaceful form of communication.

Julie Winegard animation illustration hands peace

Finally, in 1989, Texas v. Johnson addressed the flag burning issue head-on. When Gregory Lee Johnson burned a flag in protest in Dallas, he was arrested, fined, and sentenced to a year in prison. The Supreme Court came down against this sentence and upheld that prohibiting flag burning is unconstitutional.

Uproar ensued. Virtually every member of Congress endorsed resolutions condemning the ruling. President George H.W. Bush and many Republicans maintained that an amendment would be needed to negate the court’s decision.

The Simpsons season 6 episode 12 moe szyslak 6x12

Thus, the Flag Protection Act (FPA) of 1989 was created. It provided that anybody who desecrates the flag (or tramples on it) would be fined $1,000 and up to one year in jail.

Tech Noir movies film cinemagraph wes anderson

As a result, flags were burned at record rates in many cities during protests.

And that’s how we landed at U.S. v Eichman in 1990. The FPA was struck down by the Supreme Court in 1990, and the court deemed that to suppress free expression and pass laws banning flag burning is an “infringement of First Amendment rights.”

So no, Mr. Trump, you can’t penalize or revoke citizenship for flag burning. The SCOTUS has told us this about a dozen times, a dozen different ways. Keep up.

america flag ron swanson murica

The flag stands for the very freedom to burn it. Denying people their right to free speech? Now THAT would be a real desecration of the stars and stripes.

usa america moving freedom fourth of july


avatar

Published on

Claire Downs is a writer and comedian based out of Los Angeles. She's written for Nickelodeon, VH1, Funny or Die, and Hello Giggles. You can follow her on Twitter @clairecdowns. She prefers Indica to Sativa, in case you're wondering.



Comments

avatar


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